Net profit at Japanese companies dropped 25% in the six months ended in September on weakness in emerging economies and a rising yen — falling for the first time in four years.
The 501 listed companies that had reported earnings for the half by Monday logged a total of 3.62 trillion yen ($34.5 billion) in black ink, according to The Nikkei’s calculations. The group contains 32% of Japan’s nonfinancial listings. Including estimates for companies that have not yet reported results brings the total to 9.8 trillion yen, or a 19% year-on-year decline.
Sales at the 501 companies fell 7%. Pretax profit dropped as well.
The yen averaged 105.2 to the dollar during the half. While this rate is not quite as forbidding as the 70 to 80 seen around 2011, the currency was still 16.7 yen to the dollar stronger than in the year-earlier period — its biggest appreciation since 1999, when markets were reeling from the Russian financial crisis. Every 1 yen to the dollar gain in the Japanese currency weighs down overall profit by around 0.5%, a major securities company has calculated. By this reckoning, the strong yen could account for nearly 10% of the first-half drop.
Exporters have been hit particularly hard. Profit at makers of precision instruments dropped 19%, while that for electric machinery makers fell 14%. Alps Electric’s profit plunged around 70% as the yen strengthened beyond the company’s forecast of 110 to the dollar. Exchange effects sent Fujifilm Holdings’ profit sliding 30% despite brisk sales of medical equipment and trendy instant cameras.
Bank of Japan Governor Haruhiko Kuroda said on Monday the central bank will adjust monetary policy as needed to achieve its 2 percent inflation target with an eye on economic, price and financial developments.
“Japan’s economy is expected to expand moderately as a trend,” Kuroda said in a speech at the central bank’s quarterly meeting of its regional branch managers.
The BOJ last month switched its policy to target interest rates and away from expanding the monetary base – or the pace of money printing – after years of massive asset purchases failed to jolt the economy out of decades-long stagnation.
Morgan Stanley: It’s Not About Easing For JPY; Its About Inflation Expectations.
The evolution of inflation expectations is dominant for the assessment of the JPY. Hence, the BoJ’s monetary policy statement due on Wednesday must be checked in respect of its impact on Japan’s inflation expectations. -Cutting rates and redirecting QE into the front end of the JGB curve may steepen the curve, but does little to support inflation expectations. –However, lifting the BoJ’s inflation target or the MoF announcing plans to increase the duration of its liability book could help in pushing inflation expectations higher. In this case, the BoJ yield curve steepening exercise would be part of a comprehensive strategy to reflate Japan. Should the yield curve steepening just come in isolation with no hint of how to increase inflation expectations then the JPY will continue to strengthen.
Barclays: JPY Set To Rally On BoJ Inaction –
We expect no BoJ easing this week. The Bank of Japan (BoJ) MPM (Wednesday) is be the main focus of this week and we expect BoJ to refrain from the further easing this time, but the BoJ could take a more flexible stance on the time horizon for reaching its price stability target of 2% and change the annual pace of increase in its JGB holdings to JPY70-90trn from the current JPY80trn. There is a risk that the BoJ will decide to take interest rates deeper into negative territory and become more flexible in its JGB purchases, as reported by several media sources (Nikkei, 14 September 2016) or the BoJ will raise expectations for further easing. According to a survey conducted by Bloomberg on 7-12 September, 54% of the respondents forecast further easing in September, of which, 61% expected deeper negative interest rates, 57% projected an increase in longterm JGB buying, 52% looked for an expansion of the monetary base, 30% predicted more JREIT purchases and 9% expected an increase in equity-linked ETF buying. Under our base scenario of no further BoJ easing, we expect some JPY appreciation after the MPM, but we should take a note that FOMC rate announcement is on the same day. Hence, USDJPY movement could also be affected by the FOMC decision. Under our risk scenario where the BoJ eases with a focus on further cuts to negative interest rates with measures to steepen JGB curve (or raises market expectations for further easing in the future), we expect JPY depreciation pressure to strengthen, at least in the near term. In assessing the durability of JPY depreciation in such case, the balance between scope and effectiveness of further easing via NIRP versus headwinds from JPY’s undervaluation and heightened global uncertainty will be the key
In a 10-minute video message to the nation, Japan’s Emperor Akihito opened up about his reported hopes of ceding the throne while his health lasts. The emperor did not directly comment on his wish to abdicate or use the word, but he said that a deterioration of his fitness levels has made him “worried that it may become difficult for me to carry out my duties as the symbol of the state with my whole being as I have done until now.”
Akihito, now 82, was diagnosed with prostate cancer in 2003 and underwent coronary bypass surgery in 2012. Rehabilitation and regular exercise have helped him stay healthy, but he said that after his two surgeries, he began “to feel a decline in my fitness level because of my advancing age,” and started “to think about the pending future, how I should conduct myself should it become difficult for me to carry out my heavy duties in the way I have been doing, and what would be best for the country, for the people, and also for the Imperial family members who will follow after me.”
He added: “It is my hope that … the duties of the emperor as the symbol of the state can continue steadily without a break. With this earnest wish, I have decided to make my thoughts known.”
Akihito also said that establishing a regency is undesirable because, “Even in such cases … it does not change the fact that the emperor continues to be the emperor till the end of his life, even though he is unable to fully carry out his duties as the emperor.”
Bank of Japan Gov. Haruhiko Kuroda said on Tuesday that monetary and fiscal policies will have a “synergistic effect” and complement each other in strengthening the Japanese economy. The central bank chief made his comments after a rare one-on-one meeting with Finance Minister Taro Aso.
After attending an extraordinary cabinet meeting where the government adopted a large-scale economic stimulus package, the two policymakers sat down for emergency talks.
Following their meeting, Kuroda told reporters that “a loose monetary policy environment and the government’s economic measures will have a synergistic effect.”
Aso, for his part, said, “I reconfirmed with Gov. Kuroda that we will mobilize monetary policy, fiscal policy and structural reform to accelerate Abenomics together.”
Aso denied reports that Japan is considering issuing 50-year bonds, the longest maturity of Japanese government debt in the postwar era. He said, “We will make a decision about whether to increase 40-year bonds after carefully exchanging views with market participants.”
It was about six months ago when global stock markets were crashing, that China tightened its control on local media, and ordered the local press and news outlets to stick to “positive reporting” or else “risk the stability of the country.” As we reported back in February “China is now openly declaring war on anyone who dares to even suggest that not all may be well in China. A separate commentary by Xinhua yesterday said that controlling public opinion was essential for a a ruling party: “With one hand we grab the guns; with the other we grab the pens,” it said. “Mobilising public opinion is the great tradition of our party.”In other words, China is worried that popular anger and negative sentiment is starting to stir especially after the recent economic troubles, and that those who dare to promote an objective version of reality will likely be promptly quieted.”
Since then while superficially the economy may have improved on the back of nearly $2 trillion in freshly-created new loans, it appears that reports of bad news have not stopped. As such, China has decided to come up with an even more draconian measure: ban original reporting altogether.
According to The Paper, major internet portals in China including Sina, Sohu, Netease and Ifeng.com have shut down some of their original reporting operations after receiving “harsh criticism” from country’s top industry regulator.
The international tribunal rejection of Beijing’s South China Sea claims unleashed a torrent of online comments from angry Chinese. Some of these remarks, to this reporter’s surprise, came from business and personal acquaintances who had never shown much passion about politics.
With the government seeking to deflect anger away from itself, the ruling could have economic implications for a country with no territorial stakes in the South China Sea — Japan.
“I’m not going to allow an inch [of the territory] to be lost,” one local friend of this reporter wrote on the WeChat messaging service on the night of July 12, just after the United Nations-backed tribunal handed down its ruling. Another friend said: “We’re going to defeat anyone who intrudes on our China, wherever they are.”
The people who made these and similar comments are company managers, corporate sales representatives and Chinese language teachers. All are well-educated; many have frequent contact with foreigners, through relationships forged at work and while studying abroad.
Knowing this made their outbursts that night more chilling.
Japan’s ethylene plants are operating at close to full capacity.
Ethylene facilities, which produce precursors for a variety of chemical products, continue to operate at a high level, with capacity utilization in the January-June period hitting 96.2%, according to the Japan Petrochemical Industry Association.
This is the first time since the first half of 2010 that capacity utilization has exceeded 95%, the benchmark for strong performance. High capacity utilization is expected to continue in the second half as well.
However, production of four commodity-grade materials, including polyethylene, totaled 2.65 million tons in the first half, around 10% less than in the first half of 2010 when ethylene plant capacity utilization was around the same level. That is because companies reduced production capacity between 2014 and 2016.
A movement away from production of commodity-grade materials and toward high-performance products is spreading, as shown by Sumitomo Chemical’s construction of a plant to make high-performance resins for aircraft. As a result, the day may be close when ethylene plant capacity utilization is no longer a good barometer of chemical companies’ performance.
The Bank of Japan’s latest quarterly Tankan survey of business conditions that was published July 1 came too early to capture the impact of Britain’s vote to leave the European Union, so the report may not provide an accurate indication of how BOJ policymakers will act at their meeting next week.
The closely watched index covering big manufacturers in June held up better than market forecasters had expected, matching the March reading.
On June 13, the day companies were supposed to return the completed survey, the yen traded around 106 to the dollar, compared with 114 or so three months earlier. Large manufacturers’ fiscal 2016 exchange rate assumptions were out of touch with their rising home currency, averaging slightly more than 111 yen.
Because a strong yen reduces import costs even as it squeezes profit margins on exports, the ascending currency is not necessarily a net burden on Japan amid changes in the country’s industrial makeup. This helps explain why business confidence did not take a dive.