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Thu, 29th June 2017

Anirudh Sethi Report

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Archives of “Hybrid electric vehicle” Tag

Toyota-Tesla tie-up goes kaput

Toyota Motor has terminated its business and capital partnership with U.S. electric car maker Tesla, The Nikkei learned on Saturday.

Going forward, the leading Japanese automaker will try to speed up its development of electric cars by consolidating the technologies of affiliated parts makers at a unit launched late last year.

 Toyota is said to lag its rivals in electric vehicle development.

Toyota in 2010 paid $50 million for about a 3% stake in Tesla. Around the same time, it paid $42 million for part of the site of a joint venture it once had with General Motors, thinking the old plant could be updated and used for producing electric cars.

In 2012, Toyota released the RAV4 EV, an SUV, with Tesla-made batteries.

But the partnership was short-lived. Toyota stopped sourcing lithium-ion secondary batteries from Tesla in 2014. There has been virtually no collaboration between Toyota and Tesla since 2015, according to a Toyota representative.

As of March 2016, Toyota held about 2.34 million Tesla shares, which meant it owned more than 1% of the California company. By the end of last year, Toyota had sold all of its Tesla shares.

Japan Inc. heading for second straight record profit

Corporate Japan is on track to log a second year in a row of record net profit, driven by electronics makers, trading houses and other sectors making up for the weakness of automakers.

Aggregate fiscal 2017 net profit at listed companies is expected to grow 4% from the previous year to 21.81 trillion yen ($192 billion), with results improving at more than 60% of companies. Profit rose 21% to 20.9 trillion yen in fiscal 2016.

 Friday marked the peak of earnings season, with a record 767 companies with March book-closings releasing results. The Nikkei compiled results put out by 1,332 nonfinancial firms up to that day, representing 85% of listed companies and 92% of total market capitalization.

Electronics manufacturers, trading companies and shippers will enjoy strong profit growth this fiscal year. Sony’s sales of smartphone camera image sensors have improved, and the company projects a profit of more than 100 billion yen in its formerly money-losing semiconductor segment. It sees net profit growing 3.5 times to 255 billion yen in fiscal 2017. “We will deliver results,” Chief Financial Officer Kenichiro Yoshida said.

Fujitsu forecasts its first record profit in three years. “We are heading toward growth as the electronic devices market recovers,” said Hidehiro Tsukano, a senior executive vice president.

Toyota-Suzuki alliance may help both ride out changes

An alliance between Toyota Motor and Suzuki Motor could be a boon to both sides, helping the former gain ground in emerging markets such as India and giving the latter the engineering needed to compete in an increasingly high-tech industry.

Can’t go it alone

 The two automakers said Wednesday they were discussing collaboration on environmental, safety and information technology. 

Although Toyota President Akio Toyoda told a new conference that the idea of an alliance came together in just two business days after Suzuki Chairman Osamu Suzuki got the ball rolling, there is more to the story. Suzuki’s next partner had been the subject of speculation since August 2015, when the Japanese maker of economy cars ended a capital and business relationship with Germany’s Volkswagen over management conflicts.

Though Chairman Suzuki had said publicly that his company would look to remain independent going forward, another senior executive had acknowledged that collaboration was “necessary” in some fields. Even in India, a successful market for Suzuki, environmental regulations are growing tougher, making investment in technology like hybrid drive systems essential. Rising incomes have also stoked demand for higher-end vehicles in such countries.

Finding a big automaker ally was seen as essential for Suzuki to ensure a presence in self-driving cars. While a Toyota or a Volkswagen has the financial strength to counter the challenge posed by Google and other tech giants in this field — Toyota’s annual research and development budget comes to around 1 trillion yen ($9.59 billion) — Suzuki, which spent just 130 billion yen on R&D in the year ended March 31, hardly stands a chance alone.

Making connections

Toyota to halt most domestic production due to supply shortage from quake

Toyota Motor announced on Sunday that it will suspend most car production across Japan after a crucial part of its supply chain was cut by the two earthquakes which devastated the southern Japanese island of Kyushu.

     The automaker will halt production at all of its major assembly lines at its four directly-run car plants, and will suspend production in stages at other group companies. According to a Toyota announcement, five assembly lines will stop at its directly-owned factories in Takaoka, Tsutsumi, and Tahara from April 19 to 23, followed by two production lines at Tahara and Motomachi from April 20 to 23.
 
     This means that all seven of Toyota’s directly-operated mass assembly lines will be shut down. Group companies will also suspend most of their production between April 18-23, shutting down most of the entire Toyota group in Japan. It is expected that as many as 50,000 vehicles will be lost in the shutdown. Production affected includes popular models such as the hybrid Prius, the Crown, the Land Cruiser and Lexus.
 
     “Decisions regarding recommencement of operation at plants in Japan will be made on the basis of availability of parts,” the company said in its announcement. 

ALERT : Toyota may halt Japan car output in Feb due to steel shortage

Toyota Motor Corp is considering shutting all its domestic car manufacturing plants for at least a week from Feb. 8 due to steel shortage following an explosion at its group firm Aichi Steel this month, TV broadcaster TBS News reported on Friday night.

The heating furnace at Aichi Steel’s Chita plant in central Japan exploded on Jan. 8, denting production of special steel parts, the company has said, adding it aims to resume operations in March.

Toyota Motor could not be immediately available for comment.

Kyodo News said Toyota would stop overtime next week at all its production plants in Japan and added that a production halt was possible from Feb. 8.

Toyota manufacturers around 13,000 to 14,000 vehicles a day in Japan, Kyodo said.

Toyota, Suzuki discuss broad alliance on tech, emerging markets

Toyota Motor and Suzuki Motor have begun talks on a tie-up, looking to take advantage of each other’s know-how and capitalize on demand for compact cars in India and other emerging economies.

     Suzuki, which sells 2.79 million vehicles a year globally, drives Japan’s minicar market alongside Toyota group company Daihatsu Motor. Its strengths include low-cost vehicle production. It boasts a 40% share of the Indian passenger-vehicle market, a major profit source. Suzuki’s robust sales network, built up over three decades, would likely be a major asset to Toyota as it expands its Indian operations. 

     While Toyota set up a production arm in India in 1997, the results have been lackluster, with its market share at just 5% or so. The automaker aims to use the partnership with Suzuki to gain a firmer foothold in areas of greater Asia outside its existing stronghold, which includes Thailand and Indonesia.

     Toyota tops the global automobile market with annual group sales of some 10 million vehicles. It is a leader in safety technology, including self-driving cars, as well as eco-friendly vehicles such as the Prius hybrid and Mirai fuel cell car. Environmental and safety regulations are expected to tighten worldwide. With integration of information technology becoming essential to the industry, Suzuki likely aims to take advantage of Toyota’s next-generation technology.

     Suzuki and the Toyota group will discuss the potential partnership from a variety of angles, with cross-shareholdings a possibility.