Wed, 23rd August 2017

Anirudh Sethi Report


Archives of “transparency international” Tag

Mera Bharat Mahan : India improves ranking at 76 /168 in global corruption index

India has been ranked at 76th position in public sector corruption out of 168 countries in the Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index 2015, improving its slot from 85 in 2014 and 94 in 2013.

Although corruption is still rife globally, many countries improved their scores in the 2015 edition of the corruption index, a Trasparency International statement said on Wednesday.

Overall, two-thirds of the 168 countries on the 2015 index scored below 50 points on a scale from 0 (perceived to be highly corrupt) to 100 (perceived to be very clean).

Despite an improvement in the overall ranking, India’s corruption perception score remains the same as last year at 38/100, which is seen as insufficient improvement. Brazil, Burkina Faso, Thailand, Tunisia and Zambia are the other countries that shares the same ranking as India.China fared worse than India and Brazil at rank 83 with a score of 37. 

On the other hand, Pakistan is the only country among the SAARC countries, to have improved its score this year, though its rank remains poor at 117

A P J Abdul Kalam’s word of caution on ‘Make in India’ -In His Final Book :“Advantage India: From Challenge to Opportunity”

Late President A P J Abdul Kalam was a tad cautious about ‘Make in India’ campaign saying though it’s “quite ambitious”, it has to be ensured that India does not become the low-cost, low-value assembly line of the world. On Digital India, he felt it has the potential to activate the knowledge connectivity needed in villages and remote areas and “we need to bridge the gaps of lower level of literacy, language and customised content, though”. These views are expressed in the soon-to-be published “Advantage India: From Challenge to Opportunity”, one of the last books written by Kalam along with his aide Srijan Pal Singh. 

The book, published by HarperCollins India, also has his unfinished speech of July 27 at IIM-Shillong where he collapsed only to breathe his last hours later. The NDA government launched ‘Make in India’ in September last year. The programme aims at promoting India as an important investment destination and a global hub for manufacturing, design and innovation. “Well, let us be clear on this. ‘Make in India’ is quite ambitious. But we need such high aspirations… I agree with the infrastructure concern. “India has seen an unbalanced infra growth -variations are rampant across states and sectors. For instance, while the telecom and Internet sectors have made remarkable progress, many villages still are not connected with roads and power. Physical infrastructure cannot be ignored for manufacturing growth,” he wrote.

€120 billion lost to corruption in EU each year

An estimated €120 billion is lost to corruption each year throughout the 27 member states, the EU commissioner for home affairs Cecilia Malmstrom has said.

“In public procurement, studies suggest that up to 20 to 25 percent of the public contracts’ value may be lost to corruption,” said Malmstrom on Tuesday (5 March) at an anti-corruption seminar in Göteborg, Sweden.

The Berlin-based Transparency International (TI) noted in a report out in the 2012 that the worse offenders in public procurement cases are Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Italy, Romania and Slovakia.

Public procurement contracts in the EU have an estimated worth of around 15 percent of the EU’s total GDP.

India ranks 94 in list of corrupt nations

India was ranked 94 out of 176 countries surveyed in the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) 2012, with a score of 36 on a scale from 0 (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean), the Transparency International India (TII) said Wednesday. 

Last year India ranked 95 out of 183 countries. However, due to an update in the methodology, CPI scores of 2011 cannot be compared with this years’ score, S.K. Agarwal, vice-chairman of TII told IANS. He added that India had the same score of 36 in 2011 as well. 

“The 2012 index ranks countries by their perceived levels of public sector corruption and assigns scores of between one (highly corrupt) and 100 (clean). Ten independent data sources specialising in governance and business climate analysis have been used,” Agarwal added. 

Greece: Profile of a Failed State

Greece exhibits failed and rogue state characteristics. It governs irresponsibly. It’s beholden more to foreign interests than its own. Banker needs are prioritized. Ruling authority outside Greece dictates terms.

The country’s unable or refuses to provide public services. It threatens the welfare of its people. It spurns legitimate rule. It’s bankrupt but won’t declare it.

Governance in Greece combines travesty, tragedy and shame. Democracy’s birth place spurns it. It also displays an unprincipled disregard for human need at a time of rampant corruption and prioritized military spending.

In 2011, seven billion euros went for arms. Greece is the tenth largest weapons importer. It’s one of 28 NATO countries. Collective defense requires member states to purchase arms and buy them from alliance partners.

As a percent of GDP, Greek defense spending is nearly double that of other EU nations. Germany is one of Athens’ main creditors. It’s also one of its largest arms suppliers. They account for 15% of Berlin’s weapons exports.

No justification exists. Greece has no enemies. It’s also broke. It can’t or won’t provide public services. It borrows hugely to repay and service debt, and rampant corruption is out-of-control.

Corruption in the public and private sectors



 BRIBERY involves two parties, not one. Lambasting officials in poor countries for their sticky fingers is easier (and less open to legal challenge) than investigating the outsiders who suborn them. On November 2nd Transparency International (TI), a Berlin-based campaigning group, published its Bribe Payers Index. Based on questions to 3,000 businessmen, this ranks 28 countries (accounting for 80% of global trade and investment) by the perceived likelihood of their companies paying bribes when doing business abroad. Construction and industries involving government contracts, unsurprisingly, were the dirtiest. This index shows a different side of bribery from TI’s Corruption Perceptions Index, which focuses on corruption in the public sector. Putting them together, there is a strong correlation between corruption in the public and private sectors.

Realty, telecom most corrupt sectors: Report

Global consultancy firm KPMG, in a report released on Monday on bribery and corruption in India, said real estate was the most corrupt sector, followed by telecom. The firm attributed this to higher government and political intervention in these sectors.

The report comes at a time when multiple enforcement agencies are probing corporate-politician-bureaucrat nexus in several government procurements and allocation of telecom licences. It has been found that payoffs were made using some real estate companies as fronts.

Corrupt have siphoned off $125 bn from India

Even as India’s economic growth continues, the poor continue to stay poor with rampant corruption siphoning out over $125 billion in illicit capital flight between 2000-2008, says a Washington think tank. Noting that “much of the funds flowing out are generated at home within India and then sent illegally abroad,” an upcoming report from Global Financial Integrity (GFI) says, “So the growth of corruption and India’s underground economy contributes significantly to illicit financial flows from the country.”

 “Corruption is rampant in India as it is in almost all developing countries. Both corrupt political and corporate officers manage to siphon off funds —intended to aid the people of India …,” research arm of Centre for International Policy said.

“Recent efforts in India to challenge this corrupt affront on humanity have been met with violence,” Junior GFI Economist Karly Curcio said in a blog post on the report on illicit financial flows (IFF) from India and explaining links between IFFs, poverty, corruption, and crime.

“As India develops economically and builds better infrastructure, one would think that all Indian citizens would see an increased standard of living and that the income inequality levels would fall,” says the blog post following a news report about recent crimes in India against whistleblowers.

“However, the gini coefficient, which measures income inequality, has actually increased over the time period measured, 2000-2005, from 0.32 to 0.37 on a scale of 0 to 1, with 1 being the highest income inequality,” Curcio wrote.

Noting that “in India … as the economy grows, so do illicit flows,” she wrote: “This correlation exhibits the increased incentives to conduct illicit flows, because more money is flowing within the system to steal away….”

India ranks 84 out of 180 countries in Transparency International’s 2009 Corruptions Perceptions Index ranking.